In the United States, there is no limit to the number of firearms that a passenger can transport in checked baggage on a commercial flight. However, each firearm must be unloaded and locked in a hard-sided container that is specifically designed for transporting firearms. The container must be locked and only the passenger who declared the firearm at check-in will be able to unlock the container.
Ammunition must be placed in a separate locked container that is also hard-sided. The firearm and ammunition must be checked as baggage, and they cannot be carried onto the plane. Federal regulations prohibit the transport of firearms in carry-on luggage.
It is important to check with the specific airline for any additional requirements or restrictions on transporting firearms. It is also important to familiarize yourself with the laws of the state or country you will be traveling to, as they may have different regulations for transporting firearms.